Also Listed As
Bone cancers are rare forms of cancer that can affect any bone
in the body. Two types of bone cancer are multiple myeloma and
bone sarcomas. Bone cancers can also happen when tumors that
start in other organs, such as breasts, lung, and prostate, metastasize
(spread) to the bone. Multiple myeloma is the most common type
of bone cancer. The two most common bone sarcomas are osteosarcoma,
which develops in new tissue in growing bones, and chondrosarcoma,
which develops in cartilage. Osteosarcoma tends to occur more
frequently in children and adolescents, while chondrosarcoma
occurs more often in adults.
Bone cancer is accompanied by the following signs and symptoms.
People with the following conditions or characteristics may be at risk for developing multiple myeloma.
People with the following conditions or characteristics may be at risk for developing osteosarcoma.
Benign tumors and other bone diseases
Your risk for developing chondrosarcoma is higher if you are between the ages of 40 and 60.
If you are experiencing symptoms associated with bone cancer, you should see your health care provider. Keep in mind that many of the same symptoms are associated with other, less serious health conditions. In addition to taking a personal and family medical history, your provider may suggest a blood test to measure the level of alkaline phosphate, an enzyme that increases when a tumor causes production of abnormal bone tissue. X rays and other imaging procedures can show the location, size, and shape of a bone tumor. Not all tumors are cancer. A biopsythe removal of a sample of tissue from the bone tumorwill reveal whether cancer is present.
The treatment plan depends on the type, size, location, and
stage of the cancer, as well as the patient's age and general
Your provider may prescribe the following therapies.
With multiple myeloma, a bone marrow transplant is sometimes
performed. With bone sarcomas, surgery is often the main treatment.
In most cases, chemotherapy has made limb-sparing surgery possible
and amputation unnecessary.
A comprehensive treatment plan for bone cancer may include a range of complementary and alternative therapies.
Potentially beneficial nutrient supplements include the following.
Include one or more of the following formulas to support your
Some acupuncturists prefer to work with a patient only after the completion of conventional medical cancer therapy. Others will provide acupuncture and/or herbal therapy during active chemotherapy or radiation. Acupuncturists treat cancer patients based on an individualized assessment of the excesses and deficiencies of qi located in various meridians. In many cases of cancer-related symptoms, a qi deficiency is usually detected in the spleen or kidney meridians.
Your health care provider will want to see you regularly to check for complications and to make sure the cancer has not returned.
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